Elders–also called “overseers” or “pastors” interchangeably throughout the New Testament (c.f. Acts 20.17, 28; Eph 4.11; Titus 1.5, 7; 1 Pet 5.1-2)–lead the church as the primary spiritual leadership. Metanoia refers to our Elders as “Pastors.” The Biblical responsibilities of Pastors are: shepherd (pastor) the flock (Acts 20.28-20; 1 Pet 5.1-3), lead through example (1 Pet 5.3), teach and exhort through the ministry of the Word of God (1 Tim 3:2; Titus 1.9), refute those who contradict truth (Matt 18:15-18; Acts 20:29-31; Titus 1:9), manage the church of God as a husband/father manages his household (1 Tim 3:5), and pray for the sick (Jas 5:14). The Biblical qualifications for Pastors are found in 1 Tim 3:2-7; Titus 1:6-9; 1 Pet 5:1-4.
In the New Testament, Deacons are described as carrying out the ministries and tasks of the church, with a special focus on serving the poor and needy within the church. The “proto” or “pre” Deacon ministry description is found in Acts 6.1-7 where the Apostles were overwhelmed with their responsibilities (see “Elder” above) in addition to meeting the ministerial needs of persons within the church. Deacon leadership–though in its infant stage in Acts 6–was created to allow those leaders responsible for the spiritual oversight of the church through ministry of Word and prayer to continue in their ministry. Thus, the service focus of Deacon leadership compliments the spiritual oversight of Elders. Biblical qualifications for Deacons are found in 1 Tim 3.8-13.